Dart design analysis - various analyses on dart design

Phil Taylor Litter Analysis

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Alex Krist
Alex Krist

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In darts there is always talk about the perfect throwing technique. However, as we have often emphasized in various blog articles, there is no one perfect throwing technique. But to find out how you can perfect your throw, there are now helpful tools for dart throw analysis. The perfect dart throw is individual to each player and not universal. And this is where these dart throw analysis tools come in. Nevertheless, a few basic characteristics should be considered for every throwing technique.

Dart design analysis: why is dart design analysis important?

There are many reasons why it makes sense to perform a dart throw analysis. One is that especially hobby players are often not aware of what they can do better or what they are currently not doing well. The right dart throw can ensure that the performance level of any dart player can be significantly increased in a short time. But before we introduce you to some dart throw analysis tools, let's briefly review the basic characteristics of the dart throw.

So what exactly should be analyzed to guarantee an accurate dart throw? It already starts with the stance. How do you stand to the oche, how does your foot stand and how do you shift your weight. All these things have to be automated and absolutely identical for every single throw.

Besides the stance, of course, the throwing motion itself is interesting. During the darts analysis, attention is paid to how the usual throwing style can be improved. That means in plain language:

  • How do I hold the dart?
  • What does my throwing motion look like specifically?
  • Do I throw more with force or by feel?
  • Do I have a fast or slow throwing style?
  • Do I pull the arm completely through or does it stay slightly bent?
  • How much momentum do I take with my arm before I throw the dart?

All these aspects have to be analyzed in order to start working on them in order to continuously develop and improve.

Proper darts arm position

Darts performance diagnostics - various dart throwing analysis tools will help you

In total, there are three tools that we would like to introduce to you here. All of them are structured differently and usually also concentrate on different focal points. However, what these tools have in common is that the ultimate goal is to continuously improve the dart throw. We will introduce you to these three tools in more detail so that you can decide for yourself which tool is best suited for your purposes.

  • The dart deviation value
  • The 5D+ Litter Analysis
  • Dart design video analysis Kinovea

Dart Draft Analysis - The Dart Deviation Value

The dart deviation value determines the throwing precision by means of mathematical calculations. The so-called dart deviation value can be between 0 and 6 for a player. A low value stands for a precise throw, while a high value describes a high deviation. You can also calculate your Dart Deviation Value (DAW) yourself.

But before you start, you should also have a feeling for where the pros end up at this value. The best players in the world ultimately have a DAW of less than 1. It varies roughly between 0.6 and 0.9 - just as a point of reference.

The perfect dart throw is individual to each player and not universal.

And now we come to how you too can determine your DAW.

  • Choose a triple field of your choice and throw exactly 200 darts on this field
  • Note the number of hits
  • After the 200 darts are thrown, divide the number of hits by 200
  • Now multiply this value by 100 to get a percentage number
  • Based on this percentage you can now calculate the DAW

In cooperation with Winmau the mathematician Harm Nieuwstadt has now calculated a graph where the DAW can be found out by the calculated percentage. The calculated percentage ultimately reflects the proportion of darts that actually hit the triple field.

Based on the calculated curve of Nieuwstadt, you can now see where your DAW lies.

Important: Of course, despite the number of 200 arrows, the DAW is also dependent on the shape of the day. Therefore, you should calculate the DAW on different days. This is the only way to achieve a valid result on which you can build and subsequently improve.

The 5D+ Litter Analysis - the perfect evaluation of strengths and weaknesses

The 5D Throw Analysis is not only concerned with the results of your throws, as it is the case with the Dart Deviation Score, but also with the throw itself. Through this analysis tool the quality of your dart throw can be evaluated. The dart throw is analyzed and evaluated on the basis of 6 different parameters. The following 6 parameters are:

  • Litter consistency
  • Lateral acceleration of the throw
  • Vertical acceleration of the body center of gravity
  • Extent of movement of the throwing motion
  • Upper arm stability in the throwing motion
  • Shoulder stability during the throwing motion

To be able to evaluate all this data, a sensor is attached below the wrist. This sensor records all the necessary data during the throwing process, which is used for the calculation. A second sensor, which also analyzes the stance, is attached to the fifth lumbar vertebra - normally with a strap. This method of dart throwing analysis has now also proven itself among professionals.

The six parameters can be represented graphically using a spider web graphic. The closer the values are to the center, the better this parameter is. If the value lies far to the outside, there is a need for improvement.

Darts throwing motion from dart pro

The main problem for hobby players is that they do not have quick access to the necessary equipment of this analysis tool. However, those who have the possibility to perform the 5D+ throw analysis should use it once.

Dart design video analysis with Kinovea

Especially in the sport of darts, video analysis is used to improve the throw. So it can be analyzed in slow motion exactly which things go well and where there is need for improvement. Amateur players can use the Kinovea software, for example, to evaluate their throwing style. It is available free of charge.

All you need is a camera connected to the software to analyze your throw. With the help of Kinovea you can film yourself playing darts and later analyze your throw. Kinovea offers the possibility to freeze images or to play the video recordings faster or slower than in real time. It is also possible to compare two movies. So you can find out if you really throw the same way every day. A simple but effective way for hobby players to analyze their own dart throw.

Kinovea for throw analysis in darts

Conclusion about the dart analysis tools

While the dart deviation score deals with the quality of a player, with Kinovea's video analysis you can improve exactly that quality by analyzing the throw. From a scientific point of view, the 5D+ throw analysis is certainly the best tool to find out where exactly things are going wrong. However, there is the problem of feasibility for hobby players in their own four walls.

Therefore, we definitely advise to analyze and work on the throw with Kinovea, and then regularly determine the dart deviation value - quasi as a performance check.

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